Philosophical Reasons for Belief in God

The existence of God is by far the most widely covered subject of all philosophers. Mortimer Adler has written “The whole tenor of human life is affected by whether men regard themselves as supreme beings in the universe or acknowledge a super-human being whom they conceive of as an object of fear or love, a force to be defied or a Lord to be obeyed. Among those who acknowledge a divinity, it matters greatly whether the divine is represented merely by the concept of God—the object of philosophical speculation–or by the living God whom men worship in all the acts of piety which comprise the rituals of religion.” From Great Books of the Western World Volume 2, pg. 561 

Archaeological Reasons for Belief in God

Gen. 6:17 The Flood–“Archaeological excavations in Palestine and Syria have not as yet revealed traces of a general flood such as that described in the Bible. At various Mesopotamian sites (Ur, Kish, Fara, Nineveh) evidences have been found of more or less extensive inundations, but these were apparently local and occurred at different periods. Tablets discovered in Nineveh do contain a Chaldean flood narrative. It forms part of the Epic of Gilgamesh, fragments of which have also been excavated in Megiddo, Ugarit, and Ebla. This story shows many similarities with respect to the biblical narrative. The differences are such that the Genesis account cannot be considered a mere copy or adaptation of the Chaldean one, but the similarities can be considered confirmations of the flood as a historical occurrence. It is a testimony such as that which traditions of other peoples preserve; for example, the Aztecs spoke of one other the “suns” or periods of the world, as having been destroyed by water. Albright says that the Atrhasis Epic, another Mesopotamian narrative, is more like the biblical one.” Quoted from Gonzalo Baez-Camargo in Archaeological Commentary on the Bible
.”It may be stated categorically that no archaeological discovery has ever controverted a biblical reference.” Quoted from Nelson Glueck in Rivers in the Desert: History of Negev. 

Historical Reasons for Belief in God

Sir Frederic G. Kenyon, formerly director and principal librarian of the British Museum writes of the New Testament: “In no other case is the interval of time between the composition of the book and the date of the earliest extant manuscripts so short as in that of the New Testament. The books of the New Testament were written in the latter part of the first century; the earliest extant manuscripts (trifling scraps excepted) are of the fourth century–say, from 250-300 years later. This may sound a considerable interval, but it is nothing to that which parts most of the great classical authors from their earliest manuscripts. We believe that we have in all essentials an accurate text of the seven extant parlays of Sophocles; yet the earliest substantial manuscript upon which it is based was written more than 1400 years after the poet’s death. Aeschylus, Aristophanes, and Thucydides are in the same state; while with Euripides the interval is increased to 1600 years. For Plato it may be put at 1300 years, for Demosthenes as low as 1200.” Quoted by FW Hall in Companion to Classical Texts.

Whatever else that can be said about the content of the New Testament, the implication is that as a corpus of literature, the New Testament is without peer in ancient literature as a complete and reliable text. 

Scientific Reasons for Belief in God

“In the past, people thought that the Bible taught ‘fixity of species’, that is, that God created every single species and that all of these species had never changed. This was originally the belief of Linnaeus, the eighteenth century ‘father of taxonomy’, who developed a system of classifying plants and animals. Linnaeus later changed his ideas on ‘fixity of species’, but as is often the case his error continued to be taught long after he had corrected his views. There are many evolutionists today who think that if a Christian opposes the theory of organic evolution it is because he supports the idea of fixity of species. But what does the Bible say? The Bible does not use the word ‘species’ but instead says that God created living things ‘after their kind.’ (Genesis 1:21) For example, the Bible mentions ‘the owl…after his kind’ (Leviticus 11:16). But the owl is not just a species. The owl is an entire ‘order’ so the ‘kind’ can obviously include a number of species. The point is that God could have created ‘one kind’ of owl that later developed into several different species. Going back to Genesis for a moment, some of the ‘kinds’ mentioned in chapter one are grass, fruit trees, fowl, fish, cattle, and of course mankind. There are of course, many species of most of these and certainly there are many ‘varieties’ of men. So, the fact of change and variation in living things is certainly no proof that Darwin’s theory is right and the Bible is wrong. There is no justification for equating the ‘kinds’ of Genesis with biological species.” Quoted from Fritz Ridenour Who Says? 

Evidentiary Reasons for Belief in God

“Christianity is different from any other religion. It can point to historical evidence to back up its claims while other religions cannot. Other religions appeal to personal experience as their only validation. They are unable to refer to any objective criteria or tangible evidence to verify their claims.” Quoted from Don Stewart in You Be the Judge. 

Sociological Reasons for Belief in God

“I have, for me at least, irrefutable evidence of the objective existence of the person so moving me. When to this personal experience I add that tens of thousands of living Christians and an unbroken line of them back to Christ, and when I find in the New Testament a manifold record of like experiences, together with a clear account of the origin and cause of them all, my certainty becomes absolute” Quoted from E.Y. Mullins Why is Christianity True? 

Anthropological Reasons for Belief in God

“What evidence is there for God? It is very significant that recent anthropological research has indicated that among the farthest and most remote primitive peoples, today, there is a universal belief in God. And in the earliest histories and legends of peoples all around the world the original concept was of one God, who was the creator. An original high God seems once to have been in their consciousness even in those societies which are today polytheistic. This research, in the last 50 years, has challenged the evolutionary concept of the development of religion, which had suggested that monotheism–the concept of one God–was the apex of a gradual development that began with polytheistic concepts. It is increasingly clear that the oldest traditions everywhere were of one supreme God.” Paul Little Know Why You Believe pg.22 referencing the research of Samuel Zwemer.